عنوان
The Effect of an Output-Packet Practice Tasks on the Proceduralization of Knowledge in Intermediate Iranian Foreign Language Learners
نویسنده (گان)
Mehrnoosh Fakharzadeh, Manidjeh Youh anaee
چکیده مقاله
This study investigates the effect of output practice tasks on the acquisition of English modals. The acquisition is measured in terms of evaluating the comprehension and prod uction proced uralized skills. A pr etest posttest and delayed posttest design was used where the procedural knowledge was spec ifically operationalized through the groups’ performance on timed GJ and completion tests. Two intact classes of intermediate EFL learners were randomly assigned to treatment and control gro ups. The treatment group, here the output gr oup (n = 27) received a) explicit grammar instruction, b) a combination of three output tasks including dictogloss, individual text reconstruction, and corrected-close translation , and c) feedback. The control g roup (n=2 5) were just exposed to the identical texts trough listening and re ading tasks followed by some questions irrelevant to the target structure. Results showed that on the posttest, administered 10 days after the last treatment session, the output gro up outperformed the control group in both measures of procedural k nowledge. Forty days later, the output group’s performance was still significantly better than that on the pretest. This group also succeeded in retaining its outperformance on both measures of p rocedural knowledge delayed posttest. The results may help la ngua ge teachers design more effective activities for the learners considering the institutional constraints.

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