عنوان
The Conceptualization of Fruit/Vegetable Distinction in Farsi and American English: A Contrastive Pragmatic Approach
نویسنده (گان)
Golnaz Jamalifar Khorasgan Azad University of Esfahan
چکیده مقاله
The insight of this research study comes from the confusion of fruits and vegetables distinctions. Using the prototype theory, this study aimed at finding the prototypes for fruits in Iranian and American societies. This research paper also worked on class a social factor and geographical location, their probable effect on such categorizations. It also investigated the class categorization of watermelon and cucumber in both societies. And, finally reasons for conceptualizing three kinds of fruit in both societies were also investigated. To accomplish the objectives of the research a questionnaire was designed in Farsi and English for Farsi Native Speakers and English Native speakers. From each target population a convenient sample of 28 were selected. The results revealed that prototyping is different for Iranian and American English speakers. It also showed that factors like social class and geographical location have effect on such categorizations. It also showed that watermelon and cucumber categorizations in both speech communities were the same. Both groups agreed upon the fact that travel, the country you come from, export and import are all variables that can help you to conceptualize quince, date and lychee.

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