عنوان
Action Research and Teacher Involvement in Curriculum Development
نویسنده (گان)
Ghasem Modaresi Department of English, Quchan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Quchan, Iran Mohammad Shahbaz Rad Jahan-e-Elm Institute of Higher Education Nasser Ranjbar Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
چکیده مقاله
Action research has been defined differently by different scholars in the field, but regarding curriculum development, Action research is systematic personal inquiry employing the scientific method to solve curriculum problems; participants have critical reflection of both the process and the products of such enquiry. Action research may be in a stage of transition, but it has clearly been influenced by the philosophy and history of five trends. A further category of AR activity that teacher-produced publications is collaborative AR undertaken as part of broad curriculum change and professional renewal processes within particular educational institutions, systems or programs. Currently, the adoption of AR in second language teacher education programs falls in three major categories. The present time period seems to entertain the full spectrum of action research styles from the quasi- statistical, interactive-collaborative to the emerging critical theory school. Research is a method-a way of looking at the world. Practitioners are not only consumers of curriculum knowledge, but also significant producers of knowledge.

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