عنوان
The Effect of EFL Learners’ Sleep Patterns on Their Application of Metadiscourse Features in Writing Academic Essays
نویسنده (گان)
Zeinab Sadat Nasseri Yazd University Ali Akbar Jabbari Yazd University
چکیده مقاله
Although the learner is the most crucial factor in language learning curriculum, it is sometimes the most forgotten one as well. Among all factors influencing the learner, Learner’s brain status plays a crucial role in any aspect of language learning, namely learner’s written production. Therefore the complex process of language learning definitely requires well prepared brain mechanism (Jacobs and Schumann, 1992). The sleep pattern is considered as one of essential factors influencing brain functioning in essay writing. The present study sought to investigate the effect of learners’ sleep patterns on their interpersonal uses of language in academic essay writing. A total number of 30 male and female students majoring in English from different language faculties at Yazd University have participated in this study. The instruments utilized in this study were a) a sleep status questionnaire to identify EFL learners’ sleep patterns, and b) Hyland’s (2004) model of metadiscourse taxonomy to analyze the corpus of 30 academic essays in terms of their metadiscourse features. To analyze the data collected, the results of learners’ sleep status questionnaire were compared with their application of metadiscourse features in their essays. The obtained data were subjected to correlation formula. The results showed that the more regular sleep patterns of EFL learners, the more their application of metadiscourse elements in academic writing. Hence the findings of this study indicate that if the language learner is deprived of enough night sleep, his/her brain will be incapable of effectively performing the writing task.

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